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Kunsthalle Bremen Alte Meister Gemälde und Skulpturen [1071-1972/19]

Alexander before the Corpse of Darius

Alexander an der Leiche des Darius (Kunsthalle Bremen - Der Kunstverein in Bremen CC BY-NC-SA)
Provenance/Rights: Kunsthalle Bremen - Der Kunstverein in Bremen (CC BY-NC-SA)

Description

The painting captures the moment of pathos when Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, finds the naked body of his opponent after his victory near Issus in 333 BC. Darius III, king of the Persians, was killed by his vassal Bessus while trying to flee. The crown has fallen from the head of the dead, bare body, and the column in the background, once a symbol of sovereignty, is now part of a mere architecture of ruins. Alexander punished the king’s murderer, and had Darius buried with royal honors in order to reconcile himself with the Persian aristocrats and, at the same time, to strengthen his claim to power as the new king of all Persia. Antonio Balestra portrays Alexander as a reflective man, conscious of the transience of his power even while at his zenith, and displaying compassion for his adversary. Starting in 1687, Balestra trained under Antonio Bellucci in Bologna. He was further taught by Carlo Maratta in Rome in 1691, as well as by Francesco Solimena in Naples in 1694– 95. In 1718, he returned to his native Verona, though he also worked in Venice, where he himself had pupils.

Material/Technique

Oil on canvas with earthen red/brown ground, lined

Measurements

124.0 x 151.5 cm

Painted ...
... Who: Zur Personenseite: Antonio Balestra (1666-1740)
... When
Was depicted (Actor) ...
... Who: Zur Personenseite: Darius III (-380--330)
Was depicted (Actor) ...
... Who: Zur Personenseite: Alexander the Great (-0353--0326)

Relation to places

Keywords

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Kunsthalle Bremen

Object from: Kunsthalle Bremen

Vor über 160 Jahren wurde die Kunsthalle Bremen unweit des Bremer Marktplatzes erbaut, als erstes eigenständiges Haus für eine bürgerliche...

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